How to Build a Concrete Swimming Pool

How to Build a Concrete Swimming Pool?

Looking to create your own backyard oasis? Did you know that approximately 10.4 million residential swimming pools are in the United States?

In this article, we’ll guide you through the step-by-step process of building a concrete swimming pool. From planning and excavation to pouring and finishing, you’ll learn all the essential steps to transform your outdoor space into a refreshing retreat.

So grab your hard hat and let’s dive in!

Key Takeaways

  • Determine the size and shape of the pool based on available space and zoning regulations
  • Consider factors like sun exposure, privacy, and accessibility when choosing the pool location
  • Work with a professional pool designer or architect to visualize ideas and ensure safety compliance
  • Install a drainage system by placing perforated pipes at the bottom of the excavation

Planning and Design

Before you begin the construction process, it’s important to carefully plan and design your concrete swimming pool. Planning and designing are crucial steps to ensure that your pool meets all your requirements and is structurally sound.

The first step in the planning process is to determine the size and shape of your pool. Consider the available space in your backyard and any zoning regulations or restrictions that may apply. Think about how you’ll use the pool and what features you’d like to include, such as a diving board or a shallow lounging area.

Next, you’ll need to decide on the location of your pool. Consider factors such as sun exposure, privacy, and accessibility. You’ll also need to determine the best orientation for the pool to minimize shade and maximize sunlight throughout the day.

Once you have determined the size, shape, and location of your pool, it’s time to design the details. This includes selecting the type of pool finish, such as tile or plaster, as well as any additional features like waterfalls or lighting.

During the design phase, it’s important to work with a professional pool designer or architect who can help you visualize your ideas and provide expert advice. They’ll also ensure that your design meets all safety standards and building codes.

Excavation and Ground Preparation

You’ll need to start by clearing the site and excavating the ground for your concrete swimming pool. Excavation and ground preparation are crucial steps in the pool building process, as they provide a stable foundation for your pool and ensure proper drainage. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to properly excavate and prepare the ground for your concrete swimming pool.

  1. Clear the site: Begin by removing any existing structures, trees, or debris from the area where your pool will be located. This includes plants, rocks, and any other obstructions that may hinder the excavation process.
  2. Mark the pool area: Use stakes and string to outline the shape and size of your pool. Double-check the dimensions and ensure that the area is level.
  3. Excavate the ground: Use excavating equipment, such as a backhoe or mini-excavator, to dig out the pool area. Start from the deepest end and work your way towards the shallower end. Remove the soil in layers, checking the depth as you go along. Keep the excavated soil nearby, as it may be needed later for backfilling.
  4. Create a level base: Once the pool area is excavated, use a laser level or a string level to ensure that the bottom of the hole is level. This will help prevent any unevenness in your pool’s foundation.
  5. Install drainage system: To prevent water accumulation around the pool, install a drainage system. This can be done by placing perforated pipes at the bottom of the excavation and covering them with gravel.
  6. Compact the ground: Use a compactor or a plate tamper to compact the soil at the bottom of the excavation. This will help create a stable and solid foundation for your pool.

Installing the Pool Structure

Now it’s time to reinforce the pool walls and pour the concrete. This step is crucial for providing strength and stability to your swimming pool.

By reinforcing the walls with steel bars and pouring the concrete, you’ll create a solid structure that can withstand the weight of the water and last for years to come.

Let’s dive into the details of how to complete this important stage of the pool installation process.

Reinforcing the Pool Walls

To begin reinforcing the pool walls, you’ll need to gather the necessary materials and tools. You’ll need steel rebar, wire mesh, wire ties, a rebar cutter, a rebar bender, a wire mesh cutter, and a wire mesh stapler.

To start, measure and mark the wall where the rebar will be installed. Cut the rebar to the appropriate length using the rebar cutter. Bend the rebar as needed with the rebar bender to fit the shape of the pool walls. Place the rebar horizontally and vertically, securing them together with wire ties.

Next, cut the wire mesh to size using the wire mesh cutter. Staple the wire mesh to the rebar, ensuring it covers the entire wall surface.

This reinforcement will provide strength and stability to the pool walls.

Pouring the Concrete

With the pool walls reinforced, it’s time to begin pouring the concrete and installing the pool structure. Here are the steps you need to follow:

  1. Prepare the area: Make sure the area is clean and free of any debris. It’s important to have a smooth and level surface for the concrete to be poured on.
  2. Build the formwork: Construct the formwork using wooden boards to create the shape of the pool. Make sure it’s sturdy and properly aligned.
  3. Mix the concrete: Follow the instructions on the concrete mix bag to prepare the mixture. Use a concrete mixer or a wheelbarrow and shovel to mix the ingredients thoroughly.
  4. Pour the concrete: Start pouring the concrete into the formwork from one end. Use a screed board and a float to level the surface and remove any excess concrete.

Remember to work quickly to prevent the concrete from drying too fast. Once the concrete is poured, let it cure for at least 24 hours before removing the formwork.

Plumbing and Electrical Systems

Before you begin installing the plumbing and electrical systems, gather all the necessary materials and tools. For the plumbing system, you’ll need PVC pipes, fittings, valves, and a pool pump. Make sure to measure and plan the layout of the pipes before starting the installation.

Begin by installing the main drain at the deepest part of the pool. Connect the main drain to the skimmer which is responsible for removing debris from the surface of the water. Next, install the return lines which will circulate the filtered water back into the pool. Attach a shut-off valve to each return line to control the flow of water. Connect the pump to the skimmer and return lines using PVC pipes and fittings.

For the electrical system, you’ll need a pool light, a junction box, electrical conduit, and wiring. Begin by installing the junction box near the pool equipment area. Run the electrical conduit from the junction box to the pool light location. Make sure to bury the conduit at a sufficient depth to protect the wiring. Connect the wiring from the junction box to the pool light following the manufacturer’s instructions. It’s important to use waterproof connectors and junction boxes to ensure safety.

Once the plumbing and electrical systems are installed, it’s crucial to have a licensed professional inspect and approve the work before proceeding. This will ensure that everything is up to code and meets safety standards. Remember, if you aren’t confident in your plumbing or electrical skills, it’s always best to hire a professional to do the job. Safety should be the top priority when working with water and electricity.

Pouring and Curing the Concrete

Mix the concrete thoroughly until it reaches a smooth and consistent texture.

Pouring and curing the concrete is a critical step in building a concrete swimming pool. Follow these steps to ensure a successful pour and proper curing:

  1. Prepare the area: Before pouring the concrete, make sure the area is clean and free of debris. Remove any loose soil or rocks and level the ground. Use wooden or metal forms to create the shape of the pool and secure them in place.
  2. Pour the concrete: Start pouring the concrete into the forms, starting from one corner and working your way to the opposite corner. Use a concrete pump or wheelbarrow to transport the concrete and pour it evenly. Fill the forms to the desired depth, making sure to eliminate any air pockets or voids.
  3. Smooth and level the surface: Use a bull float or a trowel to smooth and level the surface of the concrete. Work in small sections, starting from one end and moving towards the other. Remove excess concrete and fill any low spots to achieve a uniform surface.
  4. Cure the concrete: Proper curing is essential for the strength and durability of the concrete. Cover the poured concrete with plastic sheeting or use a curing compound to prevent moisture loss. Allow the concrete to cure for at least seven days before removing the forms or applying any additional finishes.

Remember to follow all safety guidelines when working with concrete, including wearing protective gear and using proper techniques. By properly pouring and curing the concrete, you’re one step closer to completing your own concrete swimming pool.

Adding Pool Features and Accessories

Now that the concrete is poured and cured, it’s time to start adding pool features and accessories. Enhancing your swimming pool with various features can elevate your swimming experience and create a stunning visual appeal. From water features to lighting options, here are some popular pool features and accessories to consider:

WaterfallsWaterfalls can be installed near the pool’s edge or integrated into the pool design. They create a soothing sound and enhance the aesthetics of your pool area.Provides a calming atmosphere and adds visual appeal to your pool.
Pool LightingAdding lighting to your pool not only enhances its beauty but also provides safety, allowing you to swim at night. Various options such as LED lights, fiber optics, and color-changing lights are available.Creates a captivating ambiance, increases pool visibility, and improves safety.
Pool CoversPool covers are essential for safety, energy efficiency, and maintenance. Choose from automatic or manual covers that can be customized to fit your pool shape and size.Keeps your pool clean, reduces evaporation, and prevents accidents, especially for families with children or pets.

These are just a few examples of the many pool features and accessories available. When selecting features, consider your personal preferences, budget, and the overall look you want to achieve. Remember to consult with a professional to ensure proper installation and compatibility with your pool design. By adding these features and accessories, you can transform your concrete swimming pool into a luxurious and enjoyable oasis.

Waterproofing and Finishing the Pool Surface

To properly waterproof and finish your pool surface, you’ll need to apply multiple layers of sealant and a high-quality pool finish. Follow these steps to ensure a durable and aesthetically pleasing result:

  1. Clean the pool surface: Before applying any sealant or finish, it’s crucial to clean the pool surface thoroughly. Remove any dirt, debris, or loose material using a pressure washer or a stiff brush. Make sure the surface is completely dry before proceeding.
  2. Apply the sealant: Start by applying a waterproofing sealant to the entire pool surface. Use a roller or brush to ensure even coverage. Apply multiple layers, following the manufacturer’s instructions for drying time between coats. This will create a strong barrier against water penetration.
  3. Choose the right pool finish: Once the sealant has dried, it’s time to select a high-quality pool finish. There are various options available, including plaster, tiles, or pebble aggregate. Consider factors such as durability, aesthetics, and maintenance requirements when making your choice.
  4. Apply the pool finish: Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to apply the chosen pool finish. Whether you’re using plaster, tiles, or pebble aggregate, make sure to apply it evenly and smoothly. Take care to avoid air bubbles or uneven surfaces. Allow sufficient drying time before filling the pool with water.

By properly waterproofing and finishing your pool surface, you’ll enhance its longevity and create an inviting swimming environment. Remember to follow all safety precautions and consult with professionals if needed.

Enjoy your new concrete swimming pool!

Pool Maintenance and Care

Take care of your pool’s maintenance and care to ensure its longevity and optimal performance. Proper maintenance and care are essential to keep your concrete swimming pool clean, safe, and in good condition. By following a regular maintenance routine, you can prevent problems, minimize repairs, and enjoy your pool for years to come.

First and foremost, it’s important to maintain the proper water chemistry. Regularly test the water and adjust the chemical levels as needed. This includes maintaining the pH, alkalinity, and chlorine levels within the recommended range. You can use test strips or a water testing kit to check the water chemistry and make any necessary adjustments.

Skimming the pool regularly is another important maintenance task. Use a skimmer net to remove leaves, bugs, and any other debris that may have accumulated on the surface of the water. Additionally, vacuuming the pool on a weekly basis will help to remove any dirt or debris that has sunk to the bottom.

Keeping the pool filters clean is crucial for proper circulation and filtration. The filters should be cleaned or backwashed regularly to remove any trapped debris and ensure optimal performance. It’s also important to inspect and clean the pump and skimmer baskets to prevent any clogs or blockages.

Regularly checking and maintaining the pool equipment is also necessary. Inspect the pool’s plumbing, lights, and other equipment for any signs of damage or wear. Address any issues promptly to avoid further damage or safety hazards.

Lastly, maintaining the pool’s water level is important. Keep the water level at the recommended height to ensure proper skimming and filtration.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Is the Average Cost of Building a Concrete Swimming Pool?

The average cost of building a concrete swimming pool can vary depending on factors such as size, location, and additional features. However, you can generally expect to spend between $30,000 and $50,000 for a standard-sized pool.

How Long Does It Typically Take to Build a Concrete Swimming Pool From Start to Finish?

It typically takes several weeks to build a concrete swimming pool from start to finish. You’ll need to plan for excavation, construction, and finishing work. The specific timeline can vary depending on various factors.

Can a Concrete Swimming Pool Be Customized in Terms of Shape and Size?

Yes, you can customize the shape and size of a concrete swimming pool. By working with a professional contractor, you can design a pool that meets your specific preferences and requirements.

Is It Possible to Add a Hot Tub or Spa Feature to a Concrete Swimming Pool?

Yes, you can add a hot tub or spa feature to a concrete swimming pool. It’s a popular choice for those who want to relax and enjoy the benefits of hydrotherapy in their own backyard.

Are There Any Specific Permits or Regulations That Need to Be Considered When Building a Concrete Swimming Pool?

To build a concrete swimming pool, you need to consider specific permits and regulations. Make sure to check with your local authorities to ensure you meet all the necessary requirements before starting construction.


Now that you have successfully built your concrete swimming pool, it’s time to dive in and enjoy the fruits of your labor.

Imagine yourself floating in the crystal-clear water, surrounded by the soothing sound of water features.

As you swim, you feel a sense of accomplishment and pride in creating your own personal oasis.

Remember to maintain and care for your pool regularly to ensure its longevity and continued enjoyment.

So grab your swimsuit and make a splash in your very own concrete paradise.